Self Report 2017

The self-report on WHS Commitments below is organized according to the 24 transformations of the Agenda for Humanity. It is based on commitments pledged at the time of report submission. Click on the 'Expand' symbol to expand each section and read the reporting inputs by transformation.

1C
Remain engaged and invest in stability

Core Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    Conflict and fragility remain the biggest threats to human development. The Portuguese Official Development Assistance (ODA) programme is highly concentrated in Africa (PALOP) and Timor-Leste, focusing mainly on Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and Small Island Developing States (SIDS), many of them fragile states.

  • Achievements at a glance

    Portugal has been advocating in various international fora – EU, the UN system, and the OECD – for reinforced attention and support to LDCs and other countries most in need, mainly in the African continent, and in particular in Sub-Saharan Africa, where many of our partner countries are located. Special attention is also given to the regional institutions, as those that integrate main partners, namely the African Union, SADC, ECOWAS, and ASEAN. Attention is also given to multilateral organizations with a particular focus on LDC (e.g. CPLP). The partner countries of Timor-Leste, Guinea-Bissau and São Tome and Principe are also members of the G7+ group - fragile states. The new generation of Country Programmes, signed with each main partner country, reinforces the cooperation in key areas for statebuilding and social services delivery (E.g. São Tomé and Príncipe Strategic Cooperation Programme (2016).

  • How is your organization assessing progress

    Portugal is, for example, co-financing specific EU projects in these countries, managed by Portugal on behalf of the EU in the form of Delegated Cooperation. This allows galvanizing funds and efforts in these countries, and is a clear recognition of the important role that the Portuguese Cooperation has in working in key but very sensitive areas, such as governance and rule of law, that are of key importance to countries most in need, and in particular for fragile states.

  • Challenges faced in implementation

    Budget Constraints.

  • If you had one message for the annual report on what is most needed to advance the transformation 'Remain engaged and invest in stability', what would it be

    Need to go beyond the comfort of traditional silos.

  • Other related Agenda for Humanity transformations

    4A - Reinforce, do not replace, national and local systems 4C - Deliver collective outcomes: transcend humanitarian-development divides

2A
Respect and protect civilians and civilian objects in the conduct of hostilities

Core Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    According to the Constitution, the Portuguese armed forces, non-partisan and with no political intervention, are up to the satisfaction of the international commitments of Portuguese State under military participation in humanitarian and peace missions undertaken by international organisations of which Portugal is part. The national security and defense policies, are guided by principles of equality among States, protection of human rights, respect for international law, peaceful resolution of international conflicts and contribution to security, stability and international peace.

  • Achievements at a glance

    The participation of Portugal under UN operations (both under E.U. and NATO) has been covering several countries such as Colombia, Central African Republic (CAR), Mali and involved a contribution in different dimensions, including training. Portugal implements its commitment in a variety of missions and operations, including by: reinforcement of the security conditions; civilian protection; safe delivery of humanitarian aid; protection of personnel, premises and equipment; promotion and protection of human rights; monitor, help investigate and report to the Security Council violations of international law; support for national and international justice; and rule of law, disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation (DDRR). Portugal also participates in the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission MINUSMA, Mali (66 military personnel), as well as the infantry battalion with 160 military personnel in Central African Republic -MINUSCA.

  • Challenges faced in implementation

    Terrorism, violent extremism, organized crime, and intra-states conflicts. Cross-border refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) facing inhumane living conditions which requires a substantial financial effort.

  • Next step to advance implementation in 2017

    Portugal will continue its participation in UN operations, namely in MINUSMA, concerning the establishment of a Transport Aviation Unit . Portugal will also integrate the UN mission in Colombia and participate in efforts to consolidate peace - a major step forward towards regional security in Latin America. Portugal will further continue national participation in MINUSCA, maintaining 3 EU training missions in Mali, Somalia and CAR, both as the participation in FRONTEX agency.

  • If you had one message for the annual report on what is most needed to advance the transformation 'Respect and protect civilians and civilian objects in the conduct of hostilities', what would it be

    Investment in fragile situations requires more sustained, intense and concerted political and financial investment to prevent and tackle the root causes of different and complex conflicts. Increasing the pool of resources available for conflict prevention and resolution will be paramount to reaping the dividends of peace.

  • Other related Agenda for Humanity transformations

    1B - Act early

2E
Uphold the rules: a global campaign to affirm the norms that safeguard humanity

Core Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    The Ministry of Labour, Solidarity, and Social Security (MLSSS) has been supporting campaigns focused on children and their rights, in particular in African Portuguese-speaking countries and East-Timor.

  • Achievements at a glance

    During the six-month period (July-December 2016), MLSSS promoted an expert mission to São Tomé and Príncipe (August 15-23) in order to provide training in capacity building in children's rights. The main goal was the development of public policies directed at 18 local trainers and to give specialized technical support to the only foster institution for infancy children in danger situations (Casa dos Pequeninos).

  • How is your organization assessing progress

    During the last six months of 2016, a follow-up mission to São Tome and Principe was carried out. In that mission the results were discussed with the government, local authorities and also with the institutional and technical people responsible for the Emergency foster house (Casa dos Pequeninos).

  • Challenges faced in implementation

    The main challenges were not only the coherence of the local and national following actions regarding children's rights but also the lack of a more technical vision on the different forms of child violence, especially of the homeless children.

  • Next step to advance implementation in 2017

    In 2017, MLSSS expects to enlarge the scope of approach and the number of countries involved, namely, East Timor, Cape Verde, and São Tomé and Principe. In the latter, in cooperation with UNICEF, it will implement the Action Plan of National Policy for the Protection of Children (2016-2017) approved by the country government.

  • If you had one message for the annual report on what is most needed to advance the transformation 'Uphold the rules: a global campaign to affirm the norms that safeguard humanity', what would it be

    Construction of suitable children’s protection systems and with proper skilled operators.

  • Cross cutting issues

    People-centred approach

  • Other related Agenda for Humanity transformations

    2D - Take concrete steps to improve compliance and accountability 3F - Enable adolescents and young people to be agents of positive transformation

3A
Reduce and address displacement

Core Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    Addesssing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa.

  • Achievements at a glance

    Portugal supports the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa - Trust Fund for Stability and Addressing Root Causes of Irregular Migration and Displaced Persons in Africa. The Trust Fund is aimed at supporting all aspects of stability and to contribute to better migration management as well as addressing the root causes of stabilization, forced displacement and irregular migration. It will do so by promoting resilience, economic and equal opportunities, security and development and addressing human rights abuse.

  • Challenges faced in implementation

    Budget Constraints.

  • If you had one message for the annual report on what is most needed to advance the transformation 'Reduce and address displacement', what would it be

    Need to go beyond the comfort of traditional silos.

  • Other related Agenda for Humanity transformations

    3B - Address the vulnerabilities of migrants and provide more regular and lawful opportunities for migration

3E
Eliminate gaps in education for children, adolescents and young people

Individual Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    Within the European Agenda on Migration, Portugal set up an inter-ministerial group comprising of foreign affairs, health, education, social security, employment and vocational training, The High Commission for Migration, Foreigners and Border Service, which also includes civil society bodies, was tasked with preparing a national action plan for the reception and integration of citizens refugees in need of international protection.

  • Achievements at a glance

    - Actively participated in the preparatory process of the UN Summit on refugees and Migrants, held in NY on 19 September 2017 in order to include in the outcome document a commitment to boost higher education opportunities for refugees - the efforts paid off expressed in paragraph 82 of the New York Declaration;
    - Co-sponsored a Side event to the above mentioned meeting in which an animation-film on setting up A Rapid Response Mechanism for Higher Education in Emergencies was displayed for the first time to kick-off the debate
    - Currently working at diplomatic level to create a coalition of partners to support the practical implementation of commitments made within para 82 of the New York Declaration
    - Portugal is also supporting the efforts of the Global Platform for Syrian Students to enlarge further and scale up its scholarship programme for Syrian refugees.
    - Regarding the above-mentioned national action plan, it is based on a mapping of responsiveness to the reception of refugees and includes specific measures on education, especially with regard to equivalences, curriculum - gradual integration in the national curriculum and reinforcement of the learning of Portuguese as a second language -, as well as social assistance.

  • How is your organization assessing progress

    Progress is measured on a regular basis comparing goals set for a period of time, actions taken to reach these goals and success achieved so far. Our assessment is that good progress has been achieved so far although sometimes procedures and the variety of constituencies and stakeholders involved make coordination sometimes difficult.

    In addition, the Portuguese Ministry of Education is starting the process of monitoring both the integration and the educational success of refugee children and young people (aged 3-18).

  • Challenges faced in implementation

    On the one hand, reaching out to international donors to scale up the emergency scholarship programme for Syrian students that Portugal is supporting as a cooperation tool and as a key humanitarian field of action takes too long and requires very uncertain procedures that are not aligned with the academic calendar. This is very frustrating. On the other hand, regarding the project of setting up a Rapid Response Mechanism the main challenge is again two-fold:
    - to finalize the design of this mechanism, namely its financing facility component; and
    - to identify a core group of partners ready to endorse the project and commit to launch/ pilot.

    Other challenges faced in implementation of the national action plan concern: a) communication / translation, given the fact the we are integrating children and young people whose mother tongue is mainly Arabian, a linguistic system far different from the Portuguese language; b) the promotion of intercultural education; and c) monitoring.

  • Next step to advance implementation in 2017

    Three next steps in 2017:
    - enlargement of the number of scholarships awarded to Syrian students for the academic year 2017-2018 with strong focus on gender balance. Figures to be announced in April/May;
    - identification of the core group of partners supporting the Rapid Response Mechanism for Higher Education in Emergencies (RRM) and announcement of an Action Plan (June 2017)
    - launch of an "academic solidarity levy" as a basis of the financing facility for the RRM (pilot experience)
    - in terms of the national action plan, next steps include continuing the implementation of the measures of the European Agenda for Migration; continuing the activities of the inter-ministerial group, through a Cooperation Protocol in the subject of recipients and seekers of international protection; training actions (5) about cultural and religious issues, trauma and victims of torture; guidance to qualification opportunities, recognition, validation and certification of skills for the refugees; awareness-raising of the centers.

  • If you had one message for the annual report on what is most needed to advance the transformation 'Eliminate gaps in education for children, adolescents and young people', what would it be

    Collaborative action

  • Cross cutting issues

    Gender Innovation Refugees

  • Specific initiatives

    The Compact for Young People in Humanitarian Action

  • Other related Agenda for Humanity transformations

    3D - Empower and protect women and girls 3F - Enable adolescents and young people to be agents of positive transformation

4A
Reinforce, do not replace, national and local systems

Core Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    The Ministry of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security (MLSSS) has been supporting the capacity-building of national and local stakeholders, particularly in the African Portuguese-speaking countries and East-Timor. This support is given to the Ministries of Labour and Social Affairs and to the local civil society organizations (CSO) to: strengthen the development of local and national stakeholders capacity; and extend and improve the social protection systems by allowing them to prevent and take a leading role in humanitarian or emergency crisis.

  • Achievements at a glance

    During the six - month period (July - December 2016), MLSSS supported a total of 44 Civil Society Organizations in 5 different countries (Cape Verde – 8; Guinea - Bissau – 16; Mozambique – 5; São Tomé and Principe - 4 and East-Timor - 11). This support also involved 3 technical missions to East-Timor regarding their national social protection system.

  • How is your organization assessing progress

    In the last six months of 2016, 4 follow-up missions were carried out (Cape Verde - 1; Mozambique - 1; Sao Tome and Principe – 1 and East-Timor - 1). In those missions the progress of the actions supported were discussed with governmental and local authorities. .

  • Next step to advance implementation in 2017

    Expand this support to others stakeholders and to other countries, e.g. Angola.

  • Cross cutting issues

    Social protection

  • Other related Agenda for Humanity transformations

    5A - Invest in local capacities

4B
Anticipate, do not wait, for crises

Individual Commitment

Core Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    Portugal supports the African Portuguese speaking countries and East Timor in strengthening their resilience to the negative impacts of climate change, guided by a National Adaptation Strategy and Cooperation for development concept priorities.

  • Achievements at a glance

    New working structure within the National Adaptation Strategy set up, which includes international cooperation objectives, in particular the thematic area of work "safety of people and goods".

  • How is your organization assessing progress

    Annual reports, approved at Intergovernmental Coordination level.

  • Next step to advance implementation in 2017

    Establishment of the Environmental Fund, including a window focused on the financing of Portuguese climate action in African Portuguese speaking countries and East Timor.

  • Cross cutting issues

    Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Other related Agenda for Humanity transformations

    4A - Reinforce, do not replace, national and local systems 5A - Invest in local capacities 5B - Invest according to risk

4C
Deliver collective outcomes: transcend humanitarian-development divides

Core Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    Need to transcend humanitarian-development divides.

  • Achievements at a glance

    - Mainstreaming of environmental sustainability, resilience and disaster risk reduction in the NGDO Budget Lines of 2016.
    - Mainstreaming of green growth and resilience to climate change and environmental impacts (E.g. combat deforestation and climate change, management water resources) in the four-year São Tomé e Príncipe Strategic Cooperation Programme (SGPs).
    - Support of the "ACTIVA Eixo 3:Projeto Apoio Integrado ao Desenvolvimento Rural nas regiões de Bafatá, Tombali e Quinara (PAIDR)" which aims to ensure a sustainable agricultural production, with economic value, in specific geographical areas of Guinea-Bissau (SIDS/LIC/LDC) and "PROGRAMA DE APOIO À ALIANÇA GLOBAL PARA AS ALTERAÇÕES CLIMÁTICAS EM TIMOR-LESTE (GCCA)".
    - Creation of a mechanism to better link its bilateral humanitarian responses to its development coordination programmes and the wider humanitarian international response system.

  • How is your organization assessing progress

    First meeting in 2016 of the Coordination Unit of the Portuguese Operational Strategy For Humanitarian Action, which involves the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of National Defense, the Ministry of Internal Administration and the Ministry of Labour, Solidarity, and Social Security.

  • Challenges faced in implementation

    Budget Constraints and Portugal’s complex development cooperation system, involving 57 different public entities, each with its own aid budget and implementation ability

  • Next step to advance implementation in 2017

    Mainstreaming of resilience and climate change adaptation/mitigation in other Strategic Cooperation Programme (PEC) with Portuguese priority countries (E.g. Cape Verde).
    Identify existing mechanisms and improve its interoperability, in a way that results in a more efficient and effective humanitarian action response system.

  • If you had one message for the annual report on what is most needed to advance the transformation 'Deliver collective outcomes: transcend humanitarian-development divides', what would it be

    Need to go beyond the comfort of traditional silos.

  • Cross cutting issues

    Disaster Risk Reduction Food Security

  • Other related Agenda for Humanity transformations

    4B - Anticipate, do not wait, for crises 5B - Invest according to risk

5E
Diversify the resource base and increase cost-efficiency

Core Commitment

  • What led your organization to make the commitment?

    Better response to the onset of emergencies in rapidly deteriorating situations and in protracted crises that fail to attract sufficient resources.

  • Achievements at a glance

    Announcement of an increased contribution (double) to the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for 2017. CERF is one of the fastest and most effective ways to support rapid humanitarian response for people affected by natural disasters and armed conflict.

  • Challenges faced in implementation

    Budget Constraints.

  • If you had one message for the annual report on what is most needed to advance the transformation 'Diversify the resource base and increase cost-efficiency', what would it be

    Need to go beyond the comfort of tradicional silos.

  • Cross cutting issues

    Central Emergency Response Fund