|Member State||Europe||Leave No One Behind||3E - Eliminate gaps in education for children, adolescents and young people||- Actively participated in the preparatory process of the UN Summit on refugees and Migrants, held in NY on 19 September 2017 in order to include in the outcome document a commitment to boost higher education opportunities for refugees - the efforts paid off expressed in paragraph 82 of the New York Declaration;
- Co-sponsored a Side event to the above mentioned meeting in which an animation-film on setting up A Rapid Response Mechanism for Higher Education in Emergencies was displayed for the first time to kick-off the debate
- Currently working at diplomatic level to create a coalition of partners to support the practical implementation of commitments made within para 82 of the New York Declaration
- Portugal is also supporting the efforts of the Global Platform for Syrian Students to enlarge further and scale up its scholarship programme for Syrian refugees.
- Regarding the above-mentioned national action plan, it is based on a mapping of responsiveness to the reception of refugees and includes specific measures on education, especially with regard to equivalences, curriculum - gradual integration in the national curriculum and reinforcement of the learning of Portuguese as a second language -, as well as social assistance.||On the one hand, reaching out to international donors to scale up the emergency scholarship programme for Syrian students that Portugal is supporting as a cooperation tool and as a key humanitarian field of action takes too long and requires very uncertain procedures that are not aligned with the academic calendar. This is very frustrating. On the other hand, regarding the project of setting up a Rapid Response Mechanism the main challenge is again two-fold:
- to finalize the design of this mechanism, namely its financing facility component; and
- to identify a core group of partners ready to endorse the project and commit to launch/ pilot.
Other challenges faced in implementation of the national action plan concern: a) communication / translation, given the fact the we are integrating children and young people whose mother tongue is mainly Arabian, a linguistic system far different from the Portuguese language; b) the promotion of intercultural education; and c) monitoring.
||Three next steps in 2017:
- enlargement of the number of scholarships awarded to Syrian students for the academic year 2017-2018 with strong focus on gender balance. Figures to be announced in April/May;
- identification of the core group of partners supporting the Rapid Response Mechanism for Higher Education in Emergencies (RRM) and announcement of an Action Plan (June 2017)
- launch of an "academic solidarity levy" as a basis of the financing facility for the RRM (pilot experience)
- in terms of the national action plan, next steps include continuing the implementation of the measures of the European Agenda for Migration; continuing the activities of the inter-ministerial group, through a Cooperation Protocol in the subject of recipients and seekers of international protection; training actions (5) about cultural and religious issues, trauma and victims of torture; guidance to qualification opportunities, recognition, validation and certification of skills for the refugees; awareness-raising of the centers. ||Collaborative action||Gender, Innovation, Refugees||The Compact for Young People in Humanitarian Action |
|Member State||Europe||Uphold the Norms that Safeguard Humanity||2E - Uphold the rules: a global campaign to affirm the norms that safeguard humanity||During the six-month period (July-December 2016), MLSSS promoted an expert mission to São Tomé and Príncipe (August 15-23) in order to provide training in capacity building in children's rights. The main goal was the development of public policies directed at 18 local trainers and to give specialized technical support to the only foster institution for infancy children in danger situations (Casa dos Pequeninos).||The main challenges were not only the coherence of the local and national following actions regarding children's rights but also the lack of a more technical vision on the different forms of child violence, especially of the homeless children.||In 2017, MLSSS expects to enlarge the scope of approach and the number of countries involved, namely, East Timor, Cape Verde, and São Tomé and Principe. In the latter, in cooperation with UNICEF, it will implement the Action Plan of National Policy for the Protection of Children (2016-2017) approved by the country government.||Construction of suitable children’s protection systems and with proper skilled operators.||People-centred approach|| |
|Member State||Europe||Change People's Lives: From Delivering Aid to Ending Need||4A - Reinforce, do not replace, national and local systems||During the six - month period (July - December 2016), MLSSS supported a total of 44 Civil Society Organizations in 5 different countries (Cape Verde – 8; Guinea - Bissau – 16; Mozambique – 5; São Tomé and Principe - 4 and East-Timor - 11). This support also involved 3 technical missions to East-Timor regarding their national social protection system.||Expand this support to others stakeholders and to other countries, e.g. Angola.||Social protection|| |
|Member State||Europe||Uphold the Norms that Safeguard Humanity||2A - Respect and protect civilians and civilian objects in the conduct of hostilities||The participation of Portugal under UN operations (both under E.U. and NATO) has been covering several countries such as Colombia, Central African Republic (CAR), Mali and involved a contribution in different dimensions, including training. Portugal implements its commitment in a variety of missions and operations, including by: reinforcement of the security conditions; civilian protection; safe delivery of humanitarian aid; protection of personnel, premises and equipment; promotion and protection of human rights; monitor, help investigate and report to the Security Council violations of international law; support for national and international justice; and rule of law, disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation (DDRR). Portugal also participates in the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission MINUSMA, Mali (66 military personnel), as well as the infantry battalion with 160 military personnel in Central African Republic -MINUSCA.||Terrorism, violent extremism, organized crime, and intra-states conflicts. Cross-border refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) facing inhumane living conditions which requires a substantial financial effort.||Portugal will continue its participation in UN operations, namely in MINUSMA, concerning the establishment of a Transport Aviation Unit . Portugal will also integrate the UN mission in Colombia and participate in efforts to consolidate peace - a major step forward towards regional security in Latin America. Portugal will further continue national participation in MINUSCA, maintaining 3 EU training missions in Mali, Somalia and CAR, both as the participation in FRONTEX agency.||Investment in fragile situations requires more sustained, intense and concerted political and financial investment to prevent and tackle the root causes of different and complex conflicts. Increasing the pool of resources available for conflict prevention and resolution will be paramount to reaping the dividends of peace.|| |
|Member State||Europe||Invest in Humanity||5E - Diversify the resource base and increase cost-efficiency||Announcement of an increased contribution (double) to the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) for 2017. CERF is one of the fastest and most effective ways to support rapid humanitarian response for people affected by natural disasters and armed conflict.||Budget Constraints. ||Need to go beyond the comfort of tradicional silos.||Central Emergency Response Fund|| |
|Member State||Europe||Change People's Lives: From Delivering Aid to Ending Need||4B - Anticipate, do not wait, for crises||New working structure within the National Adaptation Strategy set up, which includes international cooperation objectives, in particular the thematic area of work "safety of people and goods".||Establishment of the Environmental Fund, including a window focused on the financing of Portuguese climate action in African Portuguese speaking countries and East Timor.||Disaster Risk Reduction|| |
|Member State||Europe||Change People's Lives: From Delivering Aid to Ending Need||4C - Deliver collective outcomes: transcend humanitarian-development divides||- Mainstreaming of environmental sustainability, resilience and disaster risk reduction in the NGDO Budget Lines of 2016.
- Mainstreaming of green growth and resilience to climate change and environmental impacts (E.g. combat deforestation and climate change, management water resources) in the four-year São Tomé e Príncipe Strategic Cooperation Programme (SGPs).
- Support of the "ACTIVA Eixo 3:Projeto Apoio Integrado ao Desenvolvimento Rural nas regiões de Bafatá, Tombali e Quinara (PAIDR)" which aims to ensure a sustainable agricultural production, with economic value, in specific geographical areas of Guinea-Bissau (SIDS/LIC/LDC) and "PROGRAMA DE APOIO À ALIANÇA GLOBAL PARA AS ALTERAÇÕES CLIMÁTICAS EM TIMOR-LESTE (GCCA)".
- Creation of a mechanism to better link its bilateral humanitarian responses to its development coordination programmes and the wider humanitarian international response system.||Budget Constraints and Portugal’s complex development cooperation system, involving 57 different public entities, each with its own aid budget and implementation ability||Mainstreaming of resilience and climate change adaptation/mitigation in other Strategic Cooperation Programme (PEC) with Portuguese priority countries (E.g. Cape Verde).
Identify existing mechanisms and improve its interoperability, in a way that results in a more efficient and effective humanitarian action response system.||Need to go beyond the comfort of traditional silos.||Disaster Risk Reduction, Food Security|| |
|Member State||Europe||Political Leadership to Prevent and End Conflicts||1C - Remain engaged and invest in stability||Portugal has been advocating in various international fora – EU, the UN system, and the OECD – for reinforced attention and support to LDCs and other countries most in need, mainly in the African continent, and in particular in Sub-Saharan Africa, where many of our partner countries are located. Special attention is also given to the regional institutions, as those that integrate main partners, namely the African Union, SADC, ECOWAS, and ASEAN. Attention is also given to multilateral organizations with a particular focus on LDC (e.g. CPLP). The partner countries of Timor-Leste, Guinea-Bissau and São Tome and Principe are also members of the G7+ group - fragile states. The new generation of Country Programmes, signed with each main partner country, reinforces the cooperation in key areas for statebuilding and social services delivery (E.g. São Tomé and Príncipe Strategic Cooperation Programme (2016).||Budget Constraints.||Need to go beyond the comfort of traditional silos.|| |
|Member State||Europe||Leave No One Behind||3A - Reduce and address displacement||Portugal supports the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa - Trust Fund for Stability and Addressing Root Causes of Irregular Migration and Displaced Persons in Africa. The Trust Fund is aimed at supporting all aspects of stability and to contribute to better migration management as well as addressing the root causes of stabilization, forced displacement and irregular migration. It will do so by promoting resilience, economic and equal opportunities, security and development and addressing human rights abuse.||Budget Constraints.||Need to go beyond the comfort of traditional silos.|| |